The Evolution of Technology That Produced LASIK and PRK

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The History Behind LASIK and PRK

LASIK and PRK eye procedures were developed through a number of interesting inventions more than 50 years ago.

The Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineering (IEEE) Photonics Society celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2015. We have members of this organization to thank for their participation in the development of both PRK and LASIK technology.

The development of the excimer laser which is a device that can make a precise incision in to human tissue, while not damaging surrounding cells, was first tested in the U.S. in 1989. The excimer is a variation of the ruby laser which was created by Theodore Maiman. The maser which stands for microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation – was developed in 1953 by Charles H. Townes, James P. Gordon and Herbert J. Zeiger. This device emitted a single wavelength of light but it was uncontinuous and incoherent. The maser inspired ways to make a laser or light amplification by stim emission of a rod that would produce continuous, coherent light.

Theodore Maiman was the first person to develop a working laser. Maiman was a researcher at Hughes Aircraft Co. in Glendale, California. He built his laser in 1960 from synthetic red ruby. According to IEEE, the energy that excited the atoms in the laser’s ruby came from a helical photographic flash lamp surrounded by a cylindrical reflector. A rod of ruby placed at the center of a helix received energy from all sides. The device converted the lamp’s white light into a monochromatic red light that was coherent. Researchers from IBM went on to develop a more precise laser, the excimer (excited dimer) and in collaboration with Dr. Stephen Trokel, an ophthalmologist, they developed an apparatus for performing laser micro surgery on the structure of human eyes.

The first human eye was treated in 1989 using the excimer laser system by Dr. Marguerite B. MacDonald, M.D. She performed Excimer treatment to the surface of the cornea known as photorefractive keratectomy, or PRK, to help a myopic patient achieve normal vision. The first U.S. LASIK patent was granted to Dr. Gholam A. Peyman in 1989, covering the procedure used in surgery cutting the cornea, pulling back a flap to expose the corneal bed, ablating the surface to achieve a desired shape, and then replacing the corneal flap.

Eye surgery, using an Excimer laser, was first tested in the U.S. in 1989. The patented LASIK Eye Correction procedure was introduced in 1992 by Dr. Loannis Pallikaris to ten surgeons selected by the FDA to test the laser at ten U.S. surgical centers. LASIK Eye Correction, as a complete patented procedure, was first approved by the FDA in 1999.

Want to know more about LASIK  and PRK eye surgeries?  Visit our website or connect with us on Facebook and Twitter.  If you’re curious about LASIK or PRK in Phoenix, Arizona, we’re here to help.

Posted in LASIK, Lasik surgery, LASIK surgery Phoenix, PRK, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

LASIK: A SMART Goal for the New Year!

Make LASIK your goal for the New Year!

Make LASIK your goal for the New Year!

New Year, new you! Why not consider LASIK? Improving ones quality of life has often been associated with setting goals for the New Year. Why not let LASIK be one of your goals?

LASIK vision surgery can improve your life in many ways. Freeing you from dependence on corrective lenses, it enables you to see the world more clearly without the need for glasses or contact lenses.

With any goal setting mission you want to follow the S.M.A.R.T. principle. Here’s an example using LASIK.

Specific: A specific goal has a greater chance of being accomplished. Ask yourself the six “W” questions.

Who? You and your ophthalmologist (Who will be involved?)

What? Get LASIK (What do I wish to accomplish?)

Where? Arizona Lasik (Identify a location.)

When? By the beginning of the summer 2016 (Establish your timeframe.)

Which? There are a number of Vision Correction options to choose from as well as physicians. Doctors Moretsky and Cassidy will identify the best procedure for you based on your needs and lifestyle. (Identify requirements and constraints.)

Why? I wish to enhance my visual experience and my appearance (What is your specific reason for doing this and what are the benefits?)

Measurable: Establish solid criteria for measuring progress toward the attainment of your goal. Measuring progress helps you stay on track. To determine if your goal is measurable ask ‘How will I know when it is accomplished?’ and for this example you’ll know once the surgery has been completed and you are enjoying the life changing results!

Attainable: When you identify goals that are important to you, you will start to figure out ways of making them come to fruition. In this case you may develop the attitude or financial capacity to reach your goal. You will begin to see overlooked opportunities to bring yourself closer to achieving your goal. You can attain any goal once you plan your steps wisely and set a timeframe. If you are considering LASIK you may need to budget for it and certainly do your homework to identify the best physician. Hint: Doctors Moretsky and Cassidy are surgeons with excellent medical reputations and have been named Phoenix Magazine “Top Doctors” 10 times.

Realistic: To be realistic your goal needs to represent an objective towards which you are both willing and able to achieve. In this case identifying if LASIK is right for you will require a consultation with an ophthalmologist and your willingness to participate in the laser surgery. Not everyone is a candidate for LASIK so this is a very important step.

Tangible: A goal is tangible when it can be experienced through one of the senses. Ask yourself can I taste, touch, smell, see or hear it. With LASIK we are sure that you will see the difference and others will see a difference in you!

While the decision to undergo LASIK is a personal one, it’s clear that there are many benefits to doing so. If you’re ready to take the next step toward better vision, Moretsky Cassidy LASIK has the experience and skill to help you improve your eyesight and your life.  For more information on LASIK visit our website.  You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy LASIK on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

Posted in Laser Vision Correction, LASIK, Lasik surgery, LASIK surgery Phoenix, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Dr. Moretsky and Dr. Cassidy Present At The Central Arizona Optometric Society

Dr. Moretsky (left) and Dr. Cassidy (right)

Dr. Moretsky (left) and Dr. Cassidy (right)

On Tuesday, October 27, 2015, Dr. Moretsky and Dr. Cassidy, of Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction, gave a continuing medical education lecture to over 130 area doctors of optometry who are members of the Central Arizona Optometry Society.

First, Dr. Cassidy spoke about the newest technologies in refractive laser assisted cataract surgery and advanced technology intraocular lenses. He discussed how some non-cataract patients are now electing to undergo refractive lens exchange, as a way to get rid of glasses for both distance and near vision. He explained how breakthrough laser surgery is improving cataract and lens exchange surgery, by enabling patients to improve their vision and also eliminate their need for glasses. Dr. Cassidy also discussed how the laser works in cataract and refractive lens exchange surgery. The optometrists in attendance learned about the state-of-the-art advanced technology lens implant used in cataract and lens exchange surgery, including multifocal, Toric and accommodating intraocular lenses. He also spoke about ORA technology that is used during the surgery to improve accuracy and visual outcomes for patients undergoing cataract and refractive lens exchange surgery. The attending doctors were eager to learn about how refractive surgery patients can now be glasses free at distance and near with the newest advances and intraocular lens designs.

Next, Dr. Moretsky spoke about a new near vision correction procedure, the Kamra™ inlay. He explained how it is designed for patients who have to rely on reading glasses, which is referred to as presbyopia. He spoke about current and future technologies that allow patients to get rid of their reading glasses. He described how the Kamra™ inlay procedure provides a long lasting solution for presbyopia by restoring near vision, thus reducing the frustration of reading glasses. He also explained how the inlay is implanted in just one eye and uses a pinhole principle to focus light coming into the eye. Dr. Moretsky discussed how the revolutionary procedure restores near vision without compromising distance vision and can be performed in virgin eyes, after laser vision correction, or after cataract surgery. He discussed how doctors can identify good candidates for this procedure.

The doctors in attendance had a “hands on” opportunity to interview and examine a patient who recently underwent a Kamra™ inlay procedure.

The program organizer, the Central Arizona Optometry Society, and the optometric doctors in attendance said the educational presentation provided a wealth of new information and was a tremendous success. Many of the doctors commented they refer their patients that require surgery to Dr. Moretsky and Dr. Cassidy, as they trust their clinical experience and have observed their outstanding surgical outcomes. Several of the doctors noted that their patients appreciated being referred to doctors with outstanding enduring reputations for over 30 years, recognized in Phoenix Magazine “Top Doctors” ten times.

Contact Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction by calling 480-610-1252 to schedule a consultation. Visit www.arizonalasik.com to learn more or to book an appointment online. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

Posted in Cataract Surgery, KAMRA corneal inlay, KAMRA inlay procedure, LASIK, Lasik surgery, LASIK surgery Phoenix, Near Vision Correction, Reading Glasses, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Dr. Moretsky/Dr. Cassidy Amongst the Few Ophthalmologists Certified to Perform the KAMRA Inlay Procedure in the U.S.

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Dr. Moretsky (left) and Dr. Cassidy (right) are amongst the few ophthalmologists certified in the U.S . to perform the KAMRA inlay procedure.

It is estimated that nearly 114 million people in the United States are struggling with the frustratingly natural eye condition presbyopia. Typically occurring in those over 40, presbyopia reduces the ability of the eye to focus on near objects, causing blurry reading vision. An advanced surgical procedure to treat this condition is now available from Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction. The KAMRA™ inlay has helped thousands restore their near vision and reduce the constant frustrations of reading glasses.

“As we see more and more patients looking for a solution for reading glasses, we often get questions about effective treatments to improve near vision,” said Dr. Moretsky. “The KAMRA inlay offers an excellent option for the correction of presbyopia with minimal compromises and inconveniences that come with other treatment options. Dr. Cassidy and I are excited to be certified to offer the number one prescribed corneal inlay in the world to our patients.”

Dr. Moretsky and Dr. Cassidy are amongst the few ophthalmologists certified to perform this procedure in Arizona.

Dr. Moretsky holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Michigan State University and a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine from Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences (KUCMB). He is a certified specialist in Ophthalmology: a Diplomate of the American Board of Ophthalmology (M.D. Board), and a Diplomate of the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology (D.O. Board)

Dr. Cassidy is a certified specialist in Ophthalmology and a Diplomate of the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology. He is a graduate of Kansas City University of Medicine and Bio Sciences(KUCMB). Nationally, Dr. Cassidy is past President of the American Osteopathic College of Ophthalmology and a recipient of the Distinguished Service Award. Dr. Cassidy is a Fellow of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Contact Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction to see if KAMRA corneal inlay is right for you! Call our office at 480-610-1252 to schedule a consultation. Visit www.arizonalasik.com, (KAMRA Inlay Tab)to learn more or to book an appointment online. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

Posted in Choosing a Surgeon, Eye Health, Eye Treatments, KAMRA corneal inlay, KAMRA inlay procedure, Near Vision Correction, Reading Glasses, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Interesting Facts About the KAMRA Inlay Procedure

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Revolutionary procedure for near vision.

The KAMRA inlay, a revolutionary procedure, helps restore near vision and reduces the constant frustrations of reading glasses. It provides a natural range of vision — from near to far. It also offers long-term performance to help you continue to enjoy clear near vision over time. The KAMRA inlay is ideal for people looking to no longer depend on reading glasses or contact lenses for their everyday activities.

Here are a few interesting facts about this revolutionary procedure:

The Procedure

  • The KAMRA Inlay procedure will typically take less than 20 minutes.
  • You will be awake and alert from start to finish of the procedure.
  • The Inlay is placed only in one eye.

Corneal Inlay

  • Sits in the first few layers of the eye known as the cornea
  • The cornea protects the inlay from moving
  • Reversible, it can be surgically removed, if necessary

How It Works

  • Provides a natural range of vision from near to far
  • Enables light to move directly from the front of the eye to the back of the eye
  • Nothing blocks the critical central visual pathway
  • 8,400 microscopic openings surround the opening in the center to allow oxygen and nutrients to flow freely and naturally through the eye

Size of Inlay

  • 1/3 the size of a contact lens
  • 1/4 the thickness of a human hair
  • 3.8mm with a 1.6mm central opening

Imagine how much nicer everyday life would be if you didn’t have to constantly reach for your reading glasses or feel lost without them. Simple tasks like reading the news, sending a text message or checking the care instructions on a favorite sweater would be faster, easier and more enjoyable. Just how frustrating is it to live with your near vision loss?

Contact Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction to see if KAMRA corneal inlay is right for you! Call our office at 480-610-1252 to schedule a consultation. Visit www.arizonalasik.com, (KAMRA Inlay Tab)to learn more or to book an appointment online. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

Posted in Eye Treatments, KAMRA corneal inlay, KAMRA inlay procedure, Reading Glasses, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

KAMRA™ Surgery– Are You Ready for the Future of Vision Care Today?

Are you ready for a future without reading glasses? Find out if the KAMRA Inlay procedure is right for you.

Are you ready for a future without reading glasses? Find out if the KAMRA Inlay procedure is right for you.

Are you ready to find out if the KAMRA inlay procedure can restore your near vision? The first essential step is to schedule a complimentary consultation at Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction. We are proud to be one of the first eye surgery centers in the United States to offer the KAMRA inlay procedure.

During the first appointment, Dr. Moretsky or Dr. Cassidy will conduct a preliminary examination of your eyes to determine if you are a candidate for the procedure. In addition, the doctor will ask you a series of questions about your medical history, general health, lifestyle, and vision goals. The doctor will use all of this information to determine if a final examination is required before he recommends the KAMRA inlay procedure.

The entire KAMRA inlay procedure will typically take less than 20 minutes. You will be awake from start to finish. The doctor will ask you to lie on your back and focus on a light above your eye. Remaining still and focusing on this light will help you achieve the best possible results.

The doctor will put numbing drops in your eye to ensure your comfort throughout the procedure. The surgeon will then use the Femtosecond laser to create a tiny pocket within your cornea.

You may feel slight pressure on your eye during this part of the procedure. Finally, the KAMRA inlay will be inserted and positioned within your eye over your pupil. Following surgery, both of your eyes will work together to provide a full range of vision from near to far. If you’re like most patients, you can expect to return to normal activities, as early as the next day after your KAMRA inlay procedure. Typically, the full benefit of the KAMRA inlay procedure is realized within one month of the procedure, but it may take longer.

Contact Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction to see if the KAMRA inlay procedure is right for you! Call our office at 480-610-1252 to schedule a consultation. Visit the website to learn more or to book an appointment online. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

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The KAMRA™ Corneal Inlay Restores Loss of Near Vision

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KAMRA™ Corneal Inlay (pictured above) restores loss of near vision.

Presbyopia is the clinical term for near vision loss that most of us begin to notice in our 40s and 50s. It happens because our natural lens is losing its elasticity and ability to adjust its shape. This decreased flexibility of the natural lens makes it difficult to view closeup objects like books and newspapers.

The KAMRA inlay is a revolutionary procedure that provides a long-term solution for presbyopia by restoring near vision and reducing the constant frustrations of reading glasses. It also provides a natural range of vision from near to far. The inlay sits in the first few layers of the eye known as the cornea. Smaller and thinner than a contact lens, the KAMRA inlay is a mini ring with an opening or pinhole in the center. The inlay uses this pinhole to focus light coming into the eye. This restores near vision while maintaining distance. The KAMRA inlay is implanted in only one eye. This is the first FDA approved procedure to restore near vision without compromising distance vision. Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction is proud to announce we were selected to be among the first eye surgery centers in the U.S.A. to offer this revolutionary procedure.

The KAMRA inlay is ideal for people who want to reduce their dependency on reading glasses. It is important to understand that there may be times when additional magnification is needed to read small print in dim light or to perform a near task for an extended period of time. When you arrive for your KAMRA consultation, Dr. Moretsky or Dr. Cassidy will be happy to discuss any questions you may have.

Contact Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction to see if KAMRA corneal inlay is right for you! Call our office at 480-610-1252 to schedule a consultation. Visit the website to learn more or to book an appointment online. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

Posted in Eye Health, Eye Treatments, KAMRA corneal inlay, Near Vision Correction, Uncategorized | 2 Comments

Getting Rid of Reading Glasses: Is It Possible?

Get Rid of Reading Glasses

Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction now offers a new procedure that makes it possible to say goodbye to reading glasses!

Amy started to lose her near vision in her early 40s. Now at the age of 52, she gets frustrated when she goes out with younger friends and family and has to take out reading glasses to read menus. They sometimes jokingly tease her about her readers. Not only does she get frustrated,but it makes her feel older.

In hopes of regaining her youthful appearance, Amy came to the office of Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction, describing her situation and asking about options other than more reading glasses, to treat her presbyopia (clinical term for near vision loss).  That’s when she learned about the KAMRA corneal inlay for presbyopia. Amy was excited about looking younger and achieving better reading vision.

The need to rely on reading glasses makes one feel and look older. In order to reduce or eliminate the need for reading glasses and achieve a more youthful vision and appearance, the introduction of the KAMRA inlay is gaining enormous attention.

Contact Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction to see if KAMRA corneal inlay for presbyopia is right for you! Call our office at 480-610-1252 to schedule a consultation. Visit the website to learn more or to book an appointment online. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy Vision Correction on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

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Keratitis Due to Improper Contact Lens Care

Keratitis due to improper contact lens care.

Could you be suffering from keratitis due to improper contact lens care? Moretsky Cassidy LASIK explains the pitfalls.

Bacterial keratitis is an infection of the cornea that plagues many contact lens wearers, due to improper contact lens use. It causes pain, sensitivity to light, reduced vision and tearing or discharge from the eye. Bacterial keratitis is an infection of the eye that usually develops very quickly, and if left untreated can cause blindness. According to federal health officials at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), eye infections like keratitis send close to 1 million Americans to the doctor each year. “Contact lenses can provide many benefits, but they are not risk-free – especially if contact lens wearers take shortcuts and don’t take care of their contact lenses and supplies,” said Jennifer Cope, MD MPH, medical epidemiologist at the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Dr. Cope and a number of her colleagues at the CDC analyzed information from three national databases of outpatient care centers and emergency departments from 2010. Here are some of their findings:

• Keratitis affects all age groups, from teens up to seniors. Women are slightly more likely to be affected than men. When it comes to eye problems these visits account for 63% of office visits and about 55% of emergency visits.

• Approximately three quarters of keratitis visits resulted in antimicrobial prescriptions (such as antibiotics).

• Keratitis and contact lens disorders resulted in about $175 million in direct healthcare costs, including $58 million for Medicare patients and $12 million for Medicaid patients, annually. “Among the estimated 38 million contact lens wearers in the United States, poor storage case hygiene, infrequent storage case replacement and overnight lens wear are established preventable risk factors for microbial keratitis, contact lens-related inflammation and other eye complications, “according to Dr. Cope and CDC colleagues.

If you wear contact lenses, why run the risk? Consider LASIK. For more information contact our office at 480-610-1252 to schedule an appointment to see if LASIK is right for you. Visit the website to learn more or to book an appointment online. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy LASIK on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

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Cataract Surgery Costs

Moretsky Cassidy LASIK show how cataract surgery can be more affordable.

Concerned about cataract surgery costs? Moretsky Cassidy LASIK show how cataract surgery can be more affordable.

Cataract surgery costs are usually covered by Medicare, as well as by most private insurance plans, if you are eligible.

Your cataract surgery costs will be covered by Medicare as long as your vision tests indicates acuity or clarity impairment and you are symptomatic. Private insurance plans may have similar vision requirements that you must meet in order to have your surgery covered. If Medicare or private insurance covers your cataract surgery, there may be some costs you would still be responsible for, such as copayment and deductibles.  If you choose an advanced technology artificial lens replacement or choose an advanced technology option such as astigmatism correction with laser, you can expect additional out of pocket expenses not covered by Medicare or private insurance plans.

If you don’t have Medicare or private insurance coverage, you may still be able to reduce and manage the cost of cataract surgery through other means, such as payment plans through your doctor’s office or with a flexible spending account through your employer. Your ophthalmologist can help you learn more about the costs of cataract surgery and discuss your options for affording the procedure.

If you have any questions or need assistance with cataracts call us at 480-610-1252 or you can learn more at www.arizonacataract.com.Visit the website to book an appointment online or call us for your cataract surgery. You can also follow Moretsky Cassidy LASIK on Twitter and like us on Facebook.

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